In recent years the rate of rural-urban migration has become alarming as more people drift into the urban centres from the rural areas; it is against this backdrop that this paper examined the causes and effects of rural-urban migration in Borno state with particular reference to Maiduguri Metropolis. A
Impact of mining on environment, rural population and sources of livelihood: Nature, scale of mining industry in particular and other extractive activities of natural resources in general have been well recorded and there is a dependable body of knowledge and data available regarding its effects …
Rural depopulation is the process in which population density in rural areas decreases overtime. This is caused by the migration of people to urban areas in search of a higher quality of living and employment. Displacement as a result of large development projects and mining may also cause rural depopulation.
Apr 25, 2017· The destruction or drastic modification of the pre-mined landscape can have an enormous impact on the biodiversity of that area. Mining is a significant threat to biodiversity as it leads to a large massive habitat losses which affects microorganisms, vegetation, and animals.
Effects of Rural to Urban Migration in Rural Areas. Reduced agricultural production: The migration of able-bodied individuals from rural areas to urban areas results in a reduced rural workforce and decreases in agricultural productivity. This affects food security because most agricultural crops are grown in rural areas.
The effects of mining in Africa have left large-scale devastation when companies do not honour their responsibility. Because mining areas are left in an unsustainable condition, plant species and wildlife are threatened and these areas are at risk of becoming lifeless wastelands. Attempts to Rectify the Situation
rural areas (Nkwonta and Ochieng, 2009). The aim of ... to toxic mining drainage which will impact all aspects of the ecosystem. Arid regions have delicate and fragile balances, with very little buffering for increased levels of acidity in the water supply (USGS, 2000).
communities have been particularly exposed to the detrimental effects of contamination arising from mining and its effects on public health, agriculture and the environment. In addition, the legacy of mining has left thousands of sites in Africa contaminated by mining and associated mine dumps such as tailings and slag material.
This paper examined the effects of rural-urban migration on the rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria. Data were obtained using mixed methods approach comprising questionnaire surveys and key informant interviews. Six rural local government areas (LGAs) were selected based on population size and spatial equity from two states of Southeastern Nigeria.
those in other rural areas of South Africa in terms of poverty and a need for development. There is a need to create awareness of these poor rural communities and to investigate if these communities are open to the possibility of alternative means of achieving a better way
Urban-rural migration simply refers to the movement of people from urban areas to rural areas. In recent times, rural to urban migration has become more common, as more people move to urban areas ...
The intensive and effective especially around the old Utai road in southern utilization of resources in urban areas have made part of the area. clear differences between urban and rural areas The present climate of the region is the The main aim of this study is to assess tropical wet and dry type coded as Aw by the impact of rural-urban ...
loss of forest area of 7.9 million hectares per year. In the period 2000-2010 AD this was reduced to six million hectares per year as a result of reductions in Indonesia, Sudan, Brazil and Australia (table 1). There were 28 countrie s and areas which have an estimated net loss of one per cent or more of their forest area per year.
UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS THE ROLE OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES IN HUMAN NUTRITION – Vol. III - The Impact of Urbanization on Rural Land Use - Christopher Bryant ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) We differentiate between push and pull factors, highlighting the experience of different
1.2 Defining rural development. By comparison with development, rural development is a much newer term. But how does it relate to 'development' and some of the ideas discussed above? Is it an alternative to existing theories of development or does it simply refer to development carried out in rural areas?
discussion of the issues faced in rural areas, and the factors encouraging people to leave these areas to find new opportunities in the cities. The problem of poverty and lack of opportunities in rural areas are also presented and identified as push factors, while urban job opportunities is the pull factor.
Social Effect of Climate Change on Agriculture. While agriculture as an industry in South Africa is expected to produce loses the small scale, subsistence-based farms in the rural regions of the country can be expected to take an even larger hit.
The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and gravel resources occur. This study was carried out to determine the environmental effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku, North central Nigeria, using field observations and laboratory analysis of soil samples.
1. Determine Areas for Growth and for Preservation 2. Incorporate Fiscal Impact Analysis in Development Reviews 3. Reform Rural Planned Unit Developments 4. Use Wastewater Infrastructure Practices That Meet Development Goals 5. Right-Size Rural Roads 6. Encourage Appropriate Densities on the Periphery 7.
Social Determinants of Health for Rural People Social determinants of health (SDOH) are, according to the World Health Organization, "the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work and age, and the systems put in place to deal with illness.
The effects of sand mining on rural communities. ... observing, asking, listening, discuss ing ... The mining of sand resources from rivers and ex-mining areas in Selangor state is a common ...
Hundreds of small rural towns and several whole regions have become dependent on an industry which itself is dependent on the continuation of crime-producing conditions. Ironically, while rural areas pursue prisons as a growth strategy, whether this is a wise or effective strategy is far from clear.
CASE STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SAND MINING AND ... 126.96.36.199 Negative effects of mining to people's lives 59 188.8.131.52 Negative impacts of mining observed by respondents 60 184.108.40.206 Accidents reported during sand and gravel mining 62 ... 4.6 Environmental impacts of sand mining and gravel extraction 86
KEY CONCEPT Human activities affect soil. 248 Unit 2:Earth's Surface. ... construction and development, and mining are among the main activities that impact soil resources. Farming Farming is very important to society because almost all of the world's food is grown on farms. ... lying areas, in rivers and streams, or in downstream lakes or ...
58 LAW, DEMOCRACY & DEVELOPMENT These include the construction of a 400 metre long road which will impact on heritage resources,5 the erection of an entertainment complex in the coastal protection zone in an area zoned as public open space,6 the construction of filling stations in residential areas,7 the erection of telecommunication masts for cellular phone networks8 and the establishment …
IMPLICATIONS OF DIAMOND MINING IN CHIADZWA" examines in detail the far-ranging impact of mining operations. It is hoped that this work will provide a type of conflict map of the area, delineating points of contention and also will point towards remedies and equitable, fair and just solutions. After all, with a map one cannot be totally lost.
Coal mining is one of Southern Africa's main energy source, but it holds a huge negative impact on the land's water, air and soil quality. Acid mine drainage is the result of the excess coal mining that occurs. Sulphuric Acid is released from coal mining, and although the generalizing process is slow, the time it takes for the acid to ...
Social grants have helped to push up incomes in both rural and urban areas. This paper starts by showing the direct impact of mining on the economy. It then demonstrates the effect of mining on those working in that industry. Thereafter, it shows the indirect effects of mining on living standards in general.
The Mineral Revolution was largely driven by the need to create a permanent workforce to work in the mining industry, and saw South Africa transformed from a patchwork of agrarian states to a unified, industrial nation. In political terms, the Mineral Revolution had a significant impact …
The potential benefits that mining brings to a community can be undermined if secrecy surrounds the payment of mining taxes to the government or the benefits shared at the local level. The gendered impacts of mining. Our work shows that the impacts of mining are not gender neutral. Women often experience the negative impacts of mining more than ...